Overview of Transportation & Ocean shipping
Key words and terms
Transportation modes 运输方式 Road transport /rail transport /air transport/water transport/ pipeline Intermodal transportation 多式联运 Intermodal transport operator 多式联运经营人 Intermodal service 联运服务 Trucking 卡车运输 maritime transport 海洋运输
Transportation refers to the physical movement of goods from a place of orign to a place of consumption. It can involve raw materials being brought into the production process or finished goods being shipped to the customer.
Transportation pass five types, or modes: water, air, road, rail and pipeline Maritime shipping Maritime Freight,Cargo ships,Shipping Service
Transportation Mode Highlights
pared with trucking, especially over long distances (cost-effective) Can be rapid, especially over long distances Good for large volume Hauls mainly coal, grain, fertilizer, mineral, lumber, autos, containers
The major disadvantages of railway are the inherent inflexibility of operation,fixed time schedules and marshalling,and service from terminal to terminal.
Allows rapid movement of goods over short distance Allows “just in time” deliveries Direct, flexible, can go anywhere roads are A door to door service Uses existing roadway infrastructure
Trucking for goods movement, auto for passenger
With the development of road transportation,new types of problems,such as a significant growth of fuel consumption,air pollution,traffic congestion and road accidents have emerged.
Good for -- Time sensitive materials -- Mail -- Lightweight material -- Perishable -- Valuable Short time cycle for infrastructure building Extremely rapid,flexible delivery
Expensive Be easily influenced by heavy weather