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选修9全册重点词语辨析.doc

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(问答形式)
urge, ask, request, beg
【问】在 Unit 1 中有这样一个句子:He had been urged by his spiritual leader to enter the marathon even though he had done no training. (P 3) 请问,urge 这个词木口 ask, request, beg 有•何 区别?
【答】这几个词都含有“请求”、“要求”等意思。
ask表示“请求,要求”,是最常用的词,往往含有期待对方给予冋答或作出反应的意思。 当你觉得所要求的东西会得到时,或者不可能被拒绝时,最好用a$k。如:
He asked me to help him.他请我帮助他。
Though she hesitated for a moment, she finally went in and asked to see a dress that was in the windows.虽然他迟疑了一会儿,但是他终于走了进去,并且要求看一看摆在橱窗里的一 件衣裙。
request表示“请求,要求”,要比ask正式得多,指“比较正式或有礼貌地请求”,常 用于“担心对方由于种种原因不能答应”的场合。即当你觉得所要求的东西不会得到时,或 者有可能被拒绝时,报好用request,以表示谦逊或者客气。此外‘request还可以用作名词。 如:
You are sincerely requested to be present at the party.敬请您光临晚会。
If you receive a request like this, you cannot fail to obey it.如果你接到一个象这样的请 求,你不可能不服从。
beg表示“请求”意思时,含有谦恭、恳求、乞求的意味,有时用于客套语中。如: He knew he had hurt her and begged her to forgive him.他自知伤了她的心而央求她原谅。
1 beg to point out that you are wrong.恕我扌旨出你错了。
I beg your pardon?对不起,你说什么?(正式场合用语)
urge则往往表示“迫切要求”、“强烈要求”、“力促”、“催促” Z意。无论从程度和迫 切性方面,都比以上几个词强烈得多。如:
They urged us to give them our support.他们敦促我们给予支持。
The teacher urged her to study physics.老师极力劝她学习物理。
voyage, journey, trip, tour, travel, expedition
【问】在 Unit 2 屮有这样一个句了: The voyages of travellers before the 17th century show that they were not at the mercy of the sea even though they did not have modern navigational aids. (P 12)请问

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