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专四常见名词和介词搭配短语.doc

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1.absence from 缺席,不在 如:
His long absence from work delayed his promotion.  
他长期不上班,把他的提升给耽误了。
2. absence of 缺乏  如:
In the absence of my commanding officer, I acted on my own initiative.  
指挥官不在场, 我主动见机行事。
In the absence of their teacher the class was in a state of anarchy.  
教师不在, 班上一片混乱.
3. access to ……的入口,通路  如:
The only access to the farmhouse is across the fields.  
要到那农舍去唯有穿过田地。
She was forbidden access to the club.  
人家不允许她到那个俱乐部去。
4. acquaintance with 相识,了解 如:
I have only a nodding acquaintance with Japanese. 
我对日语仅略知一二。
The guide has some acquaintance with Italian. 
导游懂得一点意大利语。
5. action on sth 对……的作用  如:
Evidences of glacial action on the rocks 
岩石上的冰河留下的痕迹
6. addition to sth 增加 如:
She is a beautiful addition to the family. 
她是我们家漂亮的新成员。
Can we finance the addition to our home? 
我们可以为你提供经费。
7. admission to /into 进入,入(场,学,会)  如:
How does one gain admission to the Buckingham Palace? 
怎样才能获准进入白金汉宫?

Admission to British universities depends on examination results. 
英国大学入学以考试成绩为凭。
8. admission of sth 承认  如: 
His admission of guilt surprised everyone. 
他供认犯罪使大家感到意外。
The write of the letter is ipso facto an admission of guilt. 
写此信的本身就是一种认罪。
9. advance in 改进,进步   如:
An advance in genetic engineering. 
遗传工程学方面的进展
To advance in years. 
年纪增长
10. advantage over 优于……的有利条件,如:
Now we have won an advantage over the enemy. 
我们现在经赢得了对敌人的优势。
第二组
11. affection for/towards 爱,喜欢, 如:
Yearby year their affection for each other grew stronger.  
他们相爱逐年加深.
He felt great affection for his sister.  
他很疼他的妹妹.
12. answer to ……的答案,如: 
The answer to his problem was staring him in the face.  
他那个问题的答案是明摆著的。
Do you know the answer to this question?  
你知道这道题的答案吗?
13. anxiety for sth 渴望,如: 
His anxiety for knowledge is to be praised.  
他对知识的渴应该受到称赞。

14. apology to sb for sth 道歉,如:  

He made an apology to me for hurting my feelings.  
他因伤害了我的感情而向我道歉。
At last we convicted him of his errors and made him offer an apology t

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