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托福阅读同义转述方法介绍.docx

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托福阅读同义转述方法介绍


摘要: 对于大部分备考托福的学生来说,“同义转述”这个概念并不陌生。那么,它是如何与托福阅读考点联系起来的呢?今天,我们就来探个究竟,下面小编就来说说托福阅读同义转述方法介绍吧。

扫描二维码获取资料:【新 托福 ETS真题阅读精选56篇】

扫描二维码加入群聊的方法:

同义转述在 托福阅读 中最直接的考查方式就是十大题型中的词汇题和句子简化题。词汇题就是要求考生从四个选项中找出所考查词汇意思最接近的词或短语。简而言之,词汇题考查的就是同义词转换。句子简化题就是要求考生在四个选项中找出与所给句子意思一致的选项。我们称为同义转述(paraphrase)。相比于找同义词(词汇题),句子简化题的同义转述会显得更多样化。句子简化题中,正确选项可以将原文的单词或词组换成同义词,有时也会在保持原义的基础上,对原句的结构加以改变。我们来看两个例子:

1

Unfortunately, the former president refused to participate in the debate, reasoning that there was no need for him to debate somebody who, in his opinion, knew nothing about the issue.

(A)The former president thought that he himself was more interested in the issue than the debate.

(B)The former president refused to take part in the debate because he did not think that the other party could defeat him.

(C)The former president did not want to take part in the debate because he thought that the other party had little knowledge of the issue involved.

(D)The former president would not participate in the debate unless the other party agreed to learn more about the issue.

我们来看一下原句:前总统拒绝参加辩论,因为他觉得没有必要和一群不了解该问题的人讨论。再看一下四个选项:A出现了比较,而且核心意思是前总统对什么感兴趣,不对;B说前总统不参加的原因是觉得自己会被别的人击败,不对;C选项的原因是他觉得其它人对这个问题不了解,正确。正确答案用“did not want”来替换原句的“refuse”。这是一种常见

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