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最新考研英语:翻译真题精讲(1).doc

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文档介绍:考研英语:翻译真题精讲(1)


凯程考研,为学员服务,为学生引路!

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考研英语:翻译真题精讲(1)

 一、全真试题
  The standardized educational or psychological tests that are widely used to aid in selecting,classifying,assigning,or promoting students,employees,and military personnel have been the target of recent attacks in books,magazines,the daily press,and even in Congress.(71)The target is wrong,for in attacking the tests,critics divert attention from the fault that lies with ill-informed or incompetent users. The tests themselves are merely tools,with characteristics that can be measured with reasonable precision under specified conditions. Whether the results will be valuable,meaningless,or even misleading depends partly upon the tool itself but largely upon the user.

凯程考研,为学员服务,为学生引路!

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  All informed predictions of future performance are based upon some knowledge of relevant past performance: school grades,research productivity,sales records,or whatever is appropriate.(72)How well the predictions will be validated by later performance depends upon the amount,reliability,and appropriateness of the information used and on the skill and wisdom with which it is interpreted. Anyone who keeps careful score knows that the information available is always incomplete and that the predictions are always subject to error.
  Standardized tests should be considered in this context. They provide a quick objective method of getting some kinds of information about what a person learned,the skills he has developed,or the kind of person he is. The information so obtained has,qualitatively,the same advantages and shortcomings as other kinds of information.(73)Whether to use tests,other kinds of information,or both in a particular situation depends,therefore,upon the evidence from experience concerning comparative validity and upon s

凯程考研,为学员服务,为学生引路!

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uch factors as cost and availability.
  (74)In general, the tests work most effectively when the qualitie

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