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2017 年考研英语二

Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

People have speculated for centuries about a future without work.Today is no different, with academics, writers, and activists once again 1 that technology is replacing human workers. Some imagine that the coming work-free world will be defined by 2 . A few wealthy people will own all the capital , and the masses will struggle in an impoverished wasteland..

A different and not mutually exclusive 3 holds that the future will be a wasteland of a different sort, one 4 by purposelessness: Without jobs to give their lives 5 , people will simply become lazy and depressed. 6 today ’ s unemployed don ’ t seem to be having a great time. One Gallup poll found that 20 percent of Americans who have been unemployed for at least a year report having depression, double the rate for 7 Americans. Also, some research suggests that the 8 for rising rates of mortality, mental-health problems, and addicting9 poorly-educated middle-aged people is shortage of well-paid jobs. Perhaps this is why many 10 the agonizing dullness of a

jobless future.










But it
doesn’ t11 follow from findings
like
these that a world without
work
would be filled with unease. Such visions are based on the
12 of being unemployed
in
a society built on the concept of employment. In the
13 of
work , a society
designed with other ends in mind could
14 strikingly different circumstances for the
future of labor and leisure. Today, the
15 of work may be a bit overblown.
“ Many
jobs are boring, degrading, unhealthy, and a waste of human potential,” says John
Danaher, a lecturer at the National University of Ireland in Galway.


These days,because leisure time is relatively
16 for most workers,people use
their free time to counterbalance the intellectual
and emot

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