Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,
B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
People are, on the whole, poor at considering background information when making
individual decisions. At first glance this might seem like a strength that __1__ the ability to make judgments which are unbiased by __2___ factors. But Dr. Uri Simonsohn speculated that an inability to consider the big __3___ was leading decision-makers to be biased by the daily samles of information they were working with. __4___ , he theorised that a judge __5___ of apperaring
too soft __6__ crime might be more likely to send someone to prison __7___ he had already
sentenced five or six other defendants only to forced community service on that day.
To __8__ this idea, he turned to the university-admissions process. In theory, the __9___
of an applicant should not depend on the few others __10___ randomly for interview during the
same day, but Dr. Simonsoho suspected the truth was __11___ .
He studied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews __12___by 31 admissions officers. The
interviewers had__13___applicants on a scale of one to five. This scale __14___ numerous factors
into consideration. The scores were __15___ used i n conjunction with an applicant ’ s score on the
Granduate Managent Adimssion Test, or GMA T, a standardized exam which is__16___ out of 800
points, to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.
Dr. Simonsoho found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one __17___that, then the score for the next applicant would __18___by an average of 0.075 points. This might sound small, but to __19___
the effects of such a decrease a candidate could need 30 more GMAT points than would otherwise have been __20___.