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Research Design Blogs Universitas Udayana 的研究的设计博客乌达亚纳大学—.ppt

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文档介绍:Research Design Blogs Universitas Udayana 的研究的设计博客乌达亚纳大学—
2022/5/20
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Decisions regarding what, where, when
Qualitative phenomena (or the attributes) are also quantified
If one variable depends upon or is a consequence of the other variable --- a dependent variable,
the variable that is antecedent to the dependent variable --- an independent variable.
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2. Extraneous variable:
Independent variables that are not related to the purpose of the study, but may affect the dependent variable
the researcher wants to test the hypothesis: a relationship between children’s gains in social studies achievement and their self-concepts
self-concept is an independent variable, social studies achievement is a dependent variable.
Intelligence may as well affect the social studies achievement, but since it is not related to the purpose of the study undertaken by the researcher, it will be termed as an extraneous variable.
Whatever effect is noticed on dependent variable as a result of extraneous variable(s) is technically described as an ‘experimental error’.
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3. Control
One important characteristic of a good research design is to minimize the influence or effect of extraneous variable(s).
4. Confounded relationship
When the dependent variable is not free from the influence of extraneous variable(s)
the relationship between the dependent and independent variables is said to be confounded/confused by an extraneous variable(s).
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DIFFERENT RESEARCH DESIGNS
1. Exploratory research studies
also termed as formulative research studies
The main purpose
formulating a problem for more precise investigation
of developing the working hypotheses from an operational point of view
The major emphasis is on the discovery of ideas and insights
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Generally, three methods in the context of research design for such studies
(a) the survey of concerning literature;
(b) the experience survey; and
(c) the analysis of ‘insight-stimulating’ examples.
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The surv

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Research Design Blogs Universitas Udayana 的研究的设计博客乌达亚纳大学—.ppt

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