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功能语言学.ppt

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文档介绍:功能语言学

第1页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一

Modality system
第2页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一


Page 28

might----ctheir subjective points of view or they are objective qualities of events themselves. There are some intermediate grounds of expressions between the highlighting subjectivity and creating objectivity. Besides, there are other variants in the modality,implicitness and explicitness. Implicitness is usually realized when the modality is expressed in the same clause as the main proposition,while explicitness is adopted in a projecting clause (Halliday, 2000:355).
第8页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一
System of orientation in modality
第9页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一
Analysis of the 3.1-- There kinds of meaning
Explicit subjective: ——
Implicit subjective: we might…; we can…; can you…; you would…; we will…; …need to…;…would be…; you could…; we can…; we could…; we could…; …might…; we do not need to…; we need to…; we can…; we can…; we can…; we can…; need to…; needs to…; we can…;
Explicit objective: it could be thought that…; it might be possible to…
Implicit objective: almost, certainly, perhaps, probably, sometimes
第10页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一
Distribution of each orientation

modalization
modulation
Explicit subjective
0
0
Implicit subjective
14
7
Explicit objective
2
0
Implicit objective
5
0
第11页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一
may ----must----can----must----will----can--should----would----would----can----It is possible to----can----will----need to
Analysis of 4.1 Introduction
第12页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一
I. On the perspective of type
Analysis of 4.1 Introduction
第13页,共24页,2022年,5月20日,14点48分,星期一
Commodity Exchange
Speech Function

Types of Intermediacy

Frequency
Proportion(%)
Information
Proposition
Statement
Modalization
Probability
11
78.57


Question

Usuality
0
0
Goods & Services
Proposal
Command
Modulation
Obligation
1
7.14


Offer

Inclination
2
14.29
total




14
100
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