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0401《华盛顿邮报》:威尔·史密斯这一巴掌为什么打中了所有人?丨讲义.pdf

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虎课外刊精读丨2022年第061期讲师丨林伯虎上线日期丨
华盛顿邮报:威尔·史密斯这一巴掌为什么打中了
所有人?

▸掌掴事件进展如何?

▸这件事为什么让很多人感到一言难尽甚至难下定论?

▸这个玩笑到底过不过分?

▸从威尔·史密斯的成长经历来看,如何理解他的行为?
扫码听课

▸我们对这件事的不同判断,如何投射出我们的各自人生经历?
Whyasingleslapstrucksomany
ByAllysonChiu,TheWashingtonPost,,2022
听课笔记
Almost48hoursafterSunday'sAcademyAwardsceremony,one
momentfromthebroadcasthasremainedinthespotlight,fueling
nonstopdiscourseandfiercedebate:WillSmithslappingChrisRock.
SomeHollywoodfigures,punditsandviewershavebeensupportive
ofSmith,oratleastsympathetic,arguingthattheactorwassimply
defendinghiswife,JadaPinkettSmith,afterRockmadeacrassjoke
abouthershavedhead.(PinkettSmithhaspubliclyspokenabouther
alopeciadiagnosis,but务必添加更新微信122874549it'snotclearwhetherRockknewabouther
condition.)
Othershavestronglycriticizedtheoutburst,raisingconcernsabout
theeffectitmighthaveondomesticabusesurvivors,themessage
itmightsendaboutviolenceandwhethertheentiresituationwasa
showoftoxicmasculinity.
Andtheseareonlysomeoftheintensereactionsthathavebeen
expressedandthecomplicatedissuesthathavebeenraised.

虎课外刊精读丨2022年第061期讲师丨林伯虎上线日期丨
Psychologistsandexpertsonviolencearen'tsurprisedbythe
strongemotionsgeneratedbytheincident,andtheirvariety.
"Thecomplexityrightnowdoescenteraroundthetalksand
discussionswe'rehavingaroundrace,genderanddisability…
andsurvivorship,"saidAprylAlexander,anassociateprofessor
ofpsychologyattheUniversityofDenver."Allofthosethings
combinedimpactedthelensinwhichwesawthisunfortunateevent."
Ifyou'restilltryingtowrapyourheadaroundwhathappened,
you'reprobablynotalone,saidLaKeitaCarter,apsychologistin
Baltimore."'
incredibleamountoflayerstothatsituation."
First,
forwardtoseeingPinkettSmithin","areferencetoa
1997movieinwhichactressDemiMooreshavesherheadthatmight
haveseemedbenign,nottomentionoutofdate,tosomeviewers.
Butitwasperceivedbymanyothersas"attackingorbodyshaming,"
,sheadded,isalonghistoryofwomen,
particularlyBlackwomen,beingdisrespectedpublicly—oftenabout
'safeelingamongmanyBlack
people,shesaid,that"Somebody'sgottostopit."
Then,inSmith'sreaction,there'sSmith'spersonalhistorytoconsider.
Inhismemoir,whichcameoutinNovember,Smithdetailed
witnessingdomesticviolenceasachild,includingoneinstance
wherehewatchedhisfatherpunchhismother"inthesideofthe
headsohardthatshecollapsed,"
expresseddeepregretfornotbeingabletodoanythingatthetime,
writing:"WithineverythingthatIhavedonesincethen—theawards
andaccolades,thespotlightsandattention,thecharactersandthe

虎课外刊精读丨2022年第061期讲师丨林伯虎上线日期丨
laughs—therehasbeenasubtlestringofapologiestomymotherfor

."
ButwhileRock'sjokemayhave"crossedaline,"Cartersaid,"what
[Smith]didisacrime"thatevokeditsownstrongandmultifaceted
reactions.
Formanyviewers,watchingliveorfollowingalongonsocialmedia,
theslapwasinitiallymetwith"genuineshock,"Alexandersaid.
TheyhadwatchedinrealtimeasinfrontofcamerasandOscars
attendees,Smithstrodeonstageandforcefullyslappedapersonwho
wasstandingaloneandhadbeenlaughingwithhishandsclasped
behindhisback.(Onlylaterdidthoseoutsidethetheaterseefootage
revealingthatafterreturningtohisseat,SmithyelledtwiceatRock
to"Keepmywife'snameoutyour…mouth!")
"Oftentimesinourculture,violenceisdonebehinddoors,"Alexander
said."Youdon'toftenseepeople,unlessit'slikeabarfightor
somethinglikethat,actuallyengageinthatdegreeofhostilityunless
,Ithinkforalotofpeoplethat
wasveryshockingtothem,thatthiswassuchapublicdisplayon
aninternationalstageofaggression."(Morethan15millionpeople
tunedintowatchtheOscars,accordingtoVariety;uncountedmore
watchedclipsonline.)
Amplifyingtheshockwasconfusionaboutwhethertheslaphad
'tbelieveSmith,whoiswidely
belovedandknownforhis"goodguy"persona,wouldlosehis
composurethatway,Alexandersaid.

虎课外刊精读丨2022年第061期讲师丨林伯虎上线日期丨
Lessthananhourlater,however,Smithaddressedtheincidentduring
hisrambling,tearfulspeechacceptingthebest-actorawardfor
playingRichardWilliams,thefatheroftennisstarsSerenaandVenus
,whohedescribedas
"afiercedefenderofhisfamily,"protectinghisco-stars,andwanting
tobea"vesselforlove."Healsosaid,"Lovewillmakeyoudocrazy
things."
Atsomepointduringtheevening,Alexandersaid,peoplehadtostart
thinking,"'HowdoInowinterpretthisnowthatIknowitwasn'ta
stunt?'"
AndthewaypeoplereactedtotheslapandSmith'sspeechwas
largelyindividual,saidBeverlyKingston,asociologistand
directoroftheCenterfortheStudyandPreventionofViolenceat
theUniversityofColoradoatBoulder."Dependingonyourlife
experiences,itjustcanhityouverydifferently."
EvenamongthepeoplewhoagreedthatRock'sjokewasableist,
Alexandersaid,thequestionaboutSmith'sresponseremained:
"Shoulditbeaviolentact,务必添加更新微信122874549orcouldWillhavespokentoChrisinstead
ofslappinghim?"Some,forinstance,havearguedthat"thisisa
situationinwhichahusbandwasdefendingtheirwife,"shesaid.
Meanwhile,Alexandersaid,othersmayhaveperceivedthemoment
as"ademonstrationoftoxicmasculinityorpatriarchalsystems,
"believingPinkettSmithdidn'
ofthatwasoverlaidwiththeissueofviolence."Dependingona
person'sexperiences,aperson'sexposuretoviolence,Ithinkpeople
werereactingindifferentways,"Alexandersaid.

虎课外刊精读丨2022年第061期讲师丨林伯虎上线日期丨
词汇
slap/slæp/v./n.
○tohitsb./sth.(用手掌)打,拍,掴withtheflatpartofyourhand壮,富有男子汉气概。○amasculinewordorwordform
○(acrosshisface).○feminineneuter
她狠狠给了他一阴性词;中性词
个耳光。○theactionofhittingsb./.
○.○severaldifferentsorts多种式样ofthesamething
她狠狠给了他一个耳光。○.
spotlight/ˈspɒtlaɪt/
○alightwithasingle,聚光灯;媒体和公众的注意verybrightbeamthatcanbedirectedata了。
particularplaceorpersonsurvivorship/sə'vaɪvəˌʃɪp/n.
○.○thestateorconditionofbeing幸存(状态)asurvivor
○Thespotlightmeansattentionfromnewspapers,房间被聚光灯照亮。televisionandthe
.
○.○acurvedpiece透镜,镜片ofglassorplasticthatmakesthingslooklarger,
失业问题再次smallerorclearerwhenyoulookthroughit
受到人们的关注。○
fuel(fueling)/ˈfjuːəl/v.…一副有色镜片眼镜
○;增加,加强,刺激canbeburnttoproduceheatorwrapone'sheadaround(wrapyourheadaround)
power扶额苦想,冥
○-fuelledpowerstations思苦想○tounderstandsomething,especiallysomethingstrangeoroutof
○toincreasesth.;;toacceptsomethingthatonedoesnotparticularlywant
○//toaccept
引起猜测谣传恐惧
discourse/ˈdɪskɔːs/(processing)/ˈprəʊses/v.
○seriousconversation(严肃的)谈话,交谈;论文,演讲ordiscussionbetweenpeople○totreatrawmaterial,food,,加工;数据处理ordertochangeit,preserveit,
○.
○(computing)toperformaseriesofoperationsondataina
候选人应该参加严肃的政治对话。○(formal)alongandserioustreatmentordiscussionofasubjectincomputer
speechorwriting
○(layers)/ˈleɪə(r)/n.
关于性别和性○alevelorpartwithinasystem层次,阶层orsetofideas
行为的论文○
pundit(pundits)/ˈpʌndɪt/
○apersonwhoknowsalotabout行家,权威,专家,名嘴aparticularsubjectandwhooftenquip(quipped)/kwɪp/.
talksaboutitinpublic○tomakeaquickandclever讲俏皮话,打趣;remark俏皮话,妙语
○SYNexpert○.'Givingupsmokingiseasy,'hequipped.'I'vedoneithundreds
【】oftimes.'“”“”
crass/kræs/adj.○aquick戒烟很容易啊,andcleverremark他风趣地说,我已经戒过几百次了。
○behavinginastupid愚笨而缺乏同情心的,粗鲁的,冷酷的andoffensivewaywhichshowsthatyoudo
notunderstandorcareaboutotherpeople'sfeelingsbenign/bɪˈnaɪn/adj.
○○(formal)(ofpeople)没有危害的,温和的;(肿瘤)良性的kindandgentle;nothurtinganybody
粗鲁的言语○.
alopecia/ˌæləˈpiːʃə/
○thepartialorcomplete(部分)脱发,斑秃absence务必添加更新微信122874549ofhairfromareasofthebody评就没有这么温和了。○abenigntumour(=unnaturalgrowthinthebody)isnotcausedby
whereitnormallygrows;baldnesscancer
○OPPmalignant
diagnosis/ˌdaɪəɡˈnəʊsɪs/n.【】
○theactofdiscoveringoridentifying诊断theexactcauseofanillnessperceive(perceived)/pəˈsiːv/v.
oraproblem○,意识到,察觉到
○○.
肺癌的诊断我注意到他举止有些
outburst/ˈaʊtbɜːst/。
○somethingyousaysuddenly(感情的)突然迸发(尤指怒火)thatexpressesastrongemotion,underlie(Underlying)/ˌʌndəˈlaɪ/v.……
especiallyanger构成的基础,作为的
○○(formal)tobethebasisorcauseofsth.
他后来为自己发脾气而○.
道歉。他的作品大部份都
masculinity/ˌmæskjəˈlɪnəti/。
○thefeaturesandqualitiesconsidered男子气概,男性tobetypicalofmendetail(detailed)/ˈdiːteɪl/v.
○'sideasofmasculinitytendtocomefromtheir○togivealistoffactsorall详细列举,详细说明,详述theavailableinformationaboutsth.
fathers.○
○masculine儿童的男性观念往往来自他们的父亲。/ˈmæskjəlɪn/.
男子汉的,男人的,像男人的;这本小册子详细介绍了当地所有旅馆及其设施。
阳性词,阳性词形○havingthequalitiesorappearanceconsideredtobetypicalofcollapse(collapsed)/kəˈlæps/v.
men;connectedwithorlikemen(因疾病或受伤而导致突然)昏倒,
○,○whensomeonesuddenlyfallsdownorbecomesunconscious
他英俊强

虎课外刊精读丨2022年第061期讲师丨林伯虎上线日期丨
becauseofanillnessorinjury○.
○。
他跳beloved/bɪˈlʌvɪd/adj.
舞时因心脏病突发晕倒了。○lovedverymuchby钟爱的,深受喜爱的sb.;verypopularwithsb.
accolade(accolades)/ˈækəleɪd/n.○.
○(formal)praiseoranawardforan赞扬,荣誉achievementthatpeopleadmire
○,thehighestaccoladeinthe他一直没有走出失去爱女的阴影。
musicbusiness.—persona/pəˈsəʊnə/n.
她获得了音乐界的最高奖项格莱美奖。○theaspectsofaperson's表象人格,人设,公开形象characterthattheyshowtootherpeople,
subtle/ˈsʌtl/
○(oftenapproving)不易察觉的,不明显的,微妙的notverynoticeableorobvious○
○'sbeendroppingsubtlehintsaboutwhatshe'dlikeasadescribedinthebook.

她不断隐隐暗示她喜欢什么样的礼物。甚远。
inaction/ɪnˈækʃn/(r)/n.
○(usuallydisapproving)无行动,不采取措施lackofaction;thestateofdoingnothing○thestateofbeingcalmandin淡定,沉着,镇静,镇定controlofyourfeelingsor
aboutasituationoraproblembehaviour
○.○/
保持失去镇静
多家报纸批评总统不作为。rambling/ˈræmblɪŋ/adj.
coward/ˈkaʊəd/n.○(ofabuilding)spreading规划凌乱的;冗长而含糊的,不切题的invariousdirectionswithnoparticular
○(disapproving)aperson胆小鬼,懦夫whoisnotbraveorwhodoesnothavepattern
thecouragetodothingsthatotherpeopledonotthinkareespecially○(ofaspeechorpieceofwriting)verylongandconfused
difficult○
○!Whatareyouafraidof?一封东拉西扯的长信
你这胆小鬼!你怕什fierce/fɪəs/adj.
么呢?○(especiallyof凶猛的,凶狠的peopleoranimals)angryandaggressiveinaway
multifaceted/ˌmʌltiˈfæsɪtɪd/
○havingmanypartsorsides多方面的,要从多方面考虑的○.
○。
一个复杂的需从多方vessel/ˈvesl/n.
面考虑的问题○acontainerused(盛液体的)容器,器皿forholdingliquids,suchasabowl,cup,etc.
attendee(attendees)/əˌtenˈdiː/n.
○apersonwhoattendsameeting,.…
○,领会meaningandtounderstanditin
stride(strode)/straɪd/
○towalkwithlongsteps大步走,阔步行走inaparticulardirection○'tknowwhethertointerprethersilenceasacceptanceor
○.
我们大步流星地穿过雪我不知该把她的沉默看作是接受还是拒绝。
封的旷野。stunt/stʌnt/n.
clasp(clasped)/klɑːsp/,噱头;(尤指电影中的)
○,攥紧,抓紧hand特技表演○(sometimesdisapproving)something