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《管理学教学》chapter7课件.ppt

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《管理学教学》chapter7课件.ppt

上传人:mkjafow 9/25/2022 文件大小:534 KB

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文档介绍:该【《管理学教学》chapter7课件 】是由【mkjafow】上传分享,文档一共【47】页,该文档可以免费在线阅读,需要了解更多关于【《管理学教学》chapter7课件 】的内容,可以使用淘豆网的站内搜索功能,选择自己适合的文档,以下文字是截取该文章内的部分文字,如需要获得完整电子版,请下载此文档到您的设备,方便您编辑和打印。Copyright©2010PearsonEducation,
7–1
FoundationsofPlanning
Chapter 7
Management
MaryCoulter
tenthedition
Copyright©2010PearsonEduca
Goalisthestartingpointofmanagement
Toestablishaclearandpropergoalisthepreconditionforscientificmanagementandthefoundationofallwork
Importanceofgoal
Goal-thecriteria
fordecisionmaking
Goodgoalscan
motivateemployees
Goal–thefoundationforcoordinatingtherelationshipbetweenpositionsanddepartments
Goalattainmentisthestandard
formeasuringwork
Goal–theguidance
foractionofallwork
Goalisthestartingpointof
LifepathofHarvardElites
Conclusion:goalsimposegreatinfluenceuponone’slife
10%Clearandshorttermgoal
3%
Clearandlongtermgoal
27%Nogoals
60%
Vaguegoals
In1970
3%
Successfulindifferentfields
10%
Continuouslyrealizetheirshorttermgoals,professionalsinallwalksoflife
60%
Middleandlowlevelwithstableworkandlife,withnooutstandingsuccess
27%
Miserablelife,lotsofcomplaintsaboutthesocietyandotherpeople
In1995
LifepathofHarvardElitesCon
Featuresoforganizationalgoals
1)difference
2)diversity
3)hierarchy
4)timeframe
Featuresoforganizationalgoa
?
Notimetoplan
Planningisuseless
Notknowhowtomakeaplan
Planwillbecomearestrain
Whatisplannedcannotbefinished
Thesituationischangingtoofastfortheplantofollow
Copyright©2010PearsonEducation,
7–5
?Notime
?
directionassembleresources
Objectivesactionguidelines
Pathwayreduceuncertainty
Methodsimproveefficiency
Responsibilitiesmotivating
Measuring/controllingachievementsandsuccess
Copyright©2010PearsonEducation,
7–6
?direction
--Planningismostimportantmanagerialactivity --InChina,planningisnotattachedenoughimportanceinrealwork
Ioftenhavegreatobjectives,whycannottheyberealized?
Accordingtomanagementtheories,ifthereisnogoodplanningandimplementation,objectiveswillnotberealized
-
Copyright©2010PearsonEducation,
7–8
?
PurposesofPlanning
Providesdirection给管理者与非管理者指明了行动的方向
Reducesuncertainty能够减少变化的影响
Minimizeswasteandredundancy减少活动的重叠和浪费
Setsthestandardsforcontrolling计划设定目标和标准可以用于控制
Copyright©2010PearsonEduca

Planning
Aprimarymanagerialactivitythatinvolves:
Definingtheorganization’sgoals
Establishinganoverallstrategyforachievingthosegoals
Developingplansfororganizationalworkactivities
Formalplanning
Specificgoalscoveringaspecifictimeperiod
Writtenandsharedwithorganizationalmembers
Copyright©2010PearsonEducation,
7–9


Elements
Precondition
Objectives
Goals
Strategies
Duties
Timeschedule
Extent
Budget
Measuresforcontingency
Content
Prediction,assumption,conditions
Finalresults,workrequirements
Reasons,significance
Basicmethods,maintactics
Personnel,bonusandpunishmentpolicies
Startingandfinishingtimeworkschedule
Organizationlevelandgeographicscope
Expenses,cost
Planfortheworstsituation
Underwhatsituationisplaneffective
Whatshouldbedone
Why
How
Who
When
Where,whatdepartments
howmuchresources
Incaseof。。。
Planningisprediction,arrangement,andadaptivecopingwithfutureactivity