1 / 233
文档名称:

小保罗R墨菲《当代物流学》习题辅导.docx

格式:docx   大小:1,612KB   页数:233页
下载后只包含 1 个 DOCX 格式的文档,没有任何的图纸或源代码,查看文件列表

如果您已付费下载过本站文档,您可以点这里二次下载

分享

预览

小保罗R墨菲《当代物流学》习题辅导.docx

上传人:泰山小桥流水 10/1/2022 文件大小:1.57 MB

下载得到文件列表

小保罗R墨菲《当代物流学》习题辅导.docx

相关文档

文档介绍

文档介绍:该【小保罗R墨菲《当代物流学》习题辅导 】是由【泰山小桥流水】上传分享,文档一共【233】页,该文档可以免费在线阅读,需要了解更多关于【小保罗R墨菲《当代物流学》习题辅导 】的内容,可以使用淘豆网的站内搜索功能,选择自己适合的文档,以下文字是截取该文章内的部分文字,如需要获得完整电子版,请下载此文档到您的设备,方便您编辑和打印。中国管理大学
学教
小保·R·墨菲
《MBA今世物流学》
中国自学网
Contents
Introduction
Chapter1:LogisticsandtheSupplyChain1
Chapter2:TheSupplyChainManagementConcept23
Chapter3:LogisticsandInformationTechnology43
Chapter4:DemandManagement,OrderManagementandCustomerService62
Chapter5:ProtectivePackagingandMaterialsHandling81
Chapter6:Transportation⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯⋯98
Chapter7:TransportationManagement115
Chapter8:DistributionCenter,Warehouse,andPlantLocation135
Chapter9:InventoryManagement157
Chapter10:WarehousingManagement182
Chapter11:Procurement201
Chapter12:InternationalLogistics221
Chapter13:LogisticsSystemsControls240
Chapter14:OrganizingandAnalyzingLogisticsSystems260
PARTII
ANSWERSTOEND-OF-CHAPTERQUESTIONS
CHAPTER1:LOGISTICSANDTHESUPPLYCHAIN

’seconomicsystem?
Whyorwhynot?
10%的GDP、对于经济增添有很重要的作用
它构成了一个国家最少
Theanswertothisquestionlikelydependsonastudent

―typical‖
studentinanundergraduatebasiclogisticscourselikelyhashadlimitedexposuretoand
knowledgeaboutlogisticsandthuswouldlikelybeunawareastologistics
’impactonacountry

,she/hemightbepleasantlysurprisedtolearnthatlogisticsoften
accountsforatleast10%ofacountry
’sGDPandalsoisimportantforeconomicgrowthand
development.
Distinguishbetweenpossession,form,time,andplaceutility.
’sbeinginaformthat(1)canbeusedbythecustomerand(2).

refers
Howdoeslogisticscontributetotimeandplaceutility?
时间功效:不一样产品有不一样的时间敏感度,香蕉和铅笔;地点功效:把产品从价最少的地方运到价值大的地方。
,athree-daylatedeliveryofbananaslikelyhasmoreserious
consequencesthanathree-,logisticsfacilitatesproductsbeingmovedfrompointsoflesservaluetopointsofgreatervalue.
Howcanaparticularlogisticssystembeeffectivebutnotefficient?
能不可以实现实现得好不好
Effectivenesscanbethoughtofashow―wellacompanydoeswhattheysaythey’regoingto
do;‖efficiencyfocusesonhowwell(orpoorly)companyresourcesareusedtoachievewhata

effective,butnotefficient,,somecompaniesroutinelyusepremium
and/orexpeditedtransportation—whichincreasetransportationcosts—tomeetcustomerdelivery
,thecompanycouldbeconsideredeffective(meetingdeliverydeadlines)butperhapsnotefficient(increasedtransportationcosts).
Explainthesignificanceofthefactthatthepurposeoflogisticsistomeetcustomerrequirements.
企业要想发展一定和客户交流,知道他们的需求而不是猜想;不一样的客户有不一样的需求,不可以用单一种类单一规格的服务来对全部顾客。
Onereasonforthissignificanceisthatmeetingcustomerrequirementsmeansthatcompanies
mustknow—ratherthanassume—

,meetingcustomerrequirementsmeansthata“one
sizefitsall”approachtologisticswillresultinsomecustomersbeingoverservedand
,companiesshouldconsidera―tailoredlogistics‖approach,
wheregroupsofcustomerswithsimilarlogisticalneedsandwantsareprovidedwiththe
appropriatelogisticalservices.

比方9。11比方印度洋海啸假如物流不好的话慈善机构就没法在短时间内正常营救,物流能带来药品、食品、衣物等
,avarietyofhumanitarianorganizations,withthehelpofprivatesectorcompanies,wereabletogetreliefsuppliesaswellasfoodandmedicineintotheregionanddistributethemtotheaffectedpopulation.


threereasons

forwhylogisticshasbecomemoreimportantsince1980.
经济管制的减少;花费者行为的改变;科学技术的发展;零售商力量的兴起;全世界化
OnereasonfortheincreasedimportanceoflogisticsinvolvesareductionineconomicregulationThisallowedindividualcarriersflexibilityintermsofpricingandserviceandprovidedthemwithanopportunitytobreakawayfroma―onesizefitsall‖,inconsumerbehavior,suchasanincreasingnumberofmarketsegments,,technologicaladvanceshaveallowedlogisticianstomakefaster,moreinformed,.

.
Whichreasonfortheincreasedimportanceoflogisticsdoyoubelieveismostimportant?Why?
—areductionineconomicregulation;changesinconsumerbehavior;technological
advances;growingpowerofretailers;globalizationoftrade—,areductionineconomicregulationhasallowedcarrierstoofferdifferentpricing-
serviceoptionstodifferentcustomers,whichisimportantbecausedifferentcustomersaretryingtoachievedifferentobjectiveswiththeirlogisticalsystems.
?
物流目标应该和一个企业的整体目标相一致;不一样企业有不一样的目标。

strategiesandtactics—andthesestrategiesandtacticsshouldreflectacompany’,acompanyfocusingoncostcontainmentshouldhavedifferentlogistics
,-.
Distinguishbetweeninboundlogistics,materialsmanagement,andphysicaldistribution.
资料进入和储存进一个企业;企业内对资料和零件的管理;成品走向顾客。
Inboundlogisticsreferstothemovementandstorageofmaterialsintoafirm;materialsmanagementreferstothemovementandstorageofmaterialsandcomponentswithinafirmphysicaldistributionreferstothestorageoffinishedproductandmovementtothecustomer.

;
?Howisthisconceptapplicabletologisticsmanagement?
解析企业各职能部门之间的互相依赖性,从而实现企业目标。一个部门的决定可能影响到其余职能部门的运行,因此要解析部门之间的互相依赖。运输部的一个决定可能影响仓储、包装等
Thesystemsapproachtoproblemsolvingsuggeststhatacompany’sobjectivescanberealizedbyrecognizingthemutualinterdependenceofthemajorfunctionalareassuchasmarketing,
production,finance,,,,atransportationdecisionmayimpactinventory,warehousing,andpackaging,amongothers.
Explainwhatismeantbythetotalcostapproachtologistics.
总成本研究方法要把各个活动看做一个整体研究,要对成本衡量,一个活动的成本增添不代表总成本增添,其余活动成本可能减少,从而总成本减少。
Thetotalcostapproachtologisticsisbuiltonthepremisethatallrelevantactivitiesinmoving
andstoringproductsshouldbeconsideredasawhole(.,theirtotalcost)andnot

words,
keytothetotalcostapproachisthatallrelevantcostitemsareconsideredsimultaneouslywhen

organization’scustomerservicerequirements.
Definewhatismeantbyacosttrade-?Whyorwhynot?
改变一个活动的形式可能以致一些成本增添其余成本减少,但是,目的是总成本减少、顾客服务不受影响。
Acosttrade-,however,shouldbeanoverallcostdecreaseforprovidingagivenlevelofcustomerservice.
Theremainderofthequestionasksthestudentforher/,thosestudentswhobelievethatcosttrade-offsareunworkablemighthavedifficultywithmanyoftheconceptspresentedthroughoutthetext.
Whatareseveralareasinwhichfinanceandlogisticsmightinterface?
财务影响物流,比方资料办理和包装生产;别的一个借口就是存货。
Thefinancedepartmentisofteninchargeofcapitalbudgetingdecisionsthatwouldaffectlogistics,
,inventoryfloat,andthefactthatfinancetendstoviewinventoryfromadollarperspectivewhilelogisticstendstobemoreconcernedwiththenumberofunitsofinventory.
,whichcomponentofthemarketingmixrepresentsthemostimportantinterfacewithlogistics?Why?
4P地点(3R时间、数目、无损坏)、价格(运输成本)、产品(种类愈来愈多,选择愈来愈多,对物流的要求愈来愈高)、促销(要求销售和物流连接得更好)。
Thefourbasicaspectsofthemarketingmixareplace,price,product,,akeyconcernistoprovideacertainproductattherighttime,intherightquantities,,,theycreatelogisticalchallengesintermsofidentification,storage,,promotionrequiresclose
coordinationbetweenmarketingandlogisticsparticularlywhen―specials‖
customergoodwill.
Theremainderofthequestionasksforstudentstochoose,andsupport,.
WhydomarketerstendtopreferFOBdestinationpricingratherthanFOBoriginpricing?
扩大销售地区;买房有相同的到岸成本,这样同一地区的每个企业都能用同一的零售价格;销售组合控制物流,销售者会尽量利益最大达到自己的目标
,,becauseeachbuyerhasthesamelandedcost,,becausethesellercontrolsthelogisticsnetwork,itcanfunctioninamannerthatismostbeneficialtotheseller’soverallobjectives.
?
,thisgenerateslargeamountsofinventory—-

allowthevalue-addedactivitiestotakeplace.
,

negotiations,financing,promotion,andlogistics

channel.
Theownershipchannelcoversmovementofthetitletothegoods;thegoodsthemselvesmightnot

agreementsarereachedandcanincludetelephone,email,andelectronicdatainterchange,among
’scredit,whilethe
,the
logisticschannelhandlesthephysicalflowoftheproduct.


’slogisticsdepartment.
Thechapterpr