《Chronology_of_Travel_in_Asia_Tibet》.pdf.pdf

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ExploringTibetChronology of Travel in Asia & Tibet11th centuryMilarepa (1040-1123) "opened" Lapchi (la phyi) and spent years there and at Kailash, see Shabkar p. 44312th centuryDrigung Jigten Gonpo (1143-1217) sent hermits to three holy mountains in southern Tibet: Kailash,Lapchi, Tsari with an administrator (Dordzin) as representative of Drigung Monastery to oversee them,see Shabkar 34313th century1213-1221 Drukpa Kagyu lama Gyelwa Gotsangpa opened Kailash as a sacred site, see Shabkar p. 34612(来源:淘豆网[http://m.taodocs.com/p-35906335.html])45 Italian Franciscan John of Plano Carpini & Polish Franciscan Brother Benedict sent as Papal envoysto Mongol court1247 John of Plano Carpini wrote Historia Mongolorum, textbook cultural history of Mongol Empire;included first European description of Chinese1253 Flemish Franciscan William of Rubruck and Italian Franciscan Barolomeo of Cremona left asmissionaries to Mongol court1255 William of Rubruck, letter addressed to the missionary and military (来源:淘豆网[http://m.taodocs.com/p-35906335.html])interests of his patron,crusader King Louis IX, map of route to Mongolia1270s Turkic, Uighur or Onggut (Mongol) Nestorian monks Rabban Sauma and Rabban Mark set outfrom Mongolia on pilgrimage to Jerusalem1275 Marco Polo arrived in Shangdu (Xanadu), summer palace of Qubilai Khan, stayed seventeen years(to 1292), map of route1287-88 Rabban Sauma sent to Europe with two Italians as (Il-khanate) Mongol representative, reachedRome and Genoa1295 Marco Polo(来源:淘豆网[http://m.taodocs.com/p-35906335.html]) returned to Venice1298 Marco Polo started to write his book with assistance in prison in Genoa, addressed himself to broadreadership to entertain14th century1320 c. Italian Franciscan Odoric of Pordenone (d. 1331) left for east, traveled by sea through SE Asia,lived at Khan's court for three years; wrote popular account including his travels to Tibet, though theseare universally suspect1366 Book of John Mandeville first circulated, geographical roma(来源:淘豆网[http://m.taodocs.com/p-35906335.html])nce of uncertain provenance (basedentirely on earlier sources); circulated widely1366 G?demchen (1337-1409) wrote the first pilgrimage guide to mention the hidden land (beyul) of Sikkim (now between Nepal and Bhutan) and many other places to direct Tibetans in how to survive thecivil war that followed the collapse of Mongol rule (see Hamid Sardar, Harvard dissertation 2001)page 1 / 6ExploringTibetChronology of Travel in Asia & Tibet15th century1430s((来源:淘豆网[http://m.taodocs.com/p-35906335.html])?) Ratna Lingpa (1403-1479), treasure discover, made prediction regarding Sikkim as a place ofpilgrimage1490s (?)Tsang Nyon Heruka (1452-1507) founded a retreat center at Kailash, see Shabkar p. 34616th century1533 Sherpas (eastern Tibetans who moved from Kham to southern Tibet in 1480) cross south ofHimalayas into Khumbu (now Nepal)1540 Society of Jesuits established to convert "infi
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